(via Wooster Collective)
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The Village Voice has published the first piece of a new series on NYPD whistleblower Adrian Schoolcraft’s secret precinct recordings providing “an unprecedented portrait of what it’s like to work as a cop in this city:”
Schoolcraft first made headlines in February, when the Daily News reported that he was speaking out about manipulation of crime reports at the 81st. His complaints, the Daily News wrote, had sparked an investigation that had put even the precinct’s commander, Deputy Inspector Steven Mauriello, under suspicion. Those stories, however, gave no indication that Schoolcraft was also in possession of the remarkable audiotapes.
The N.Y. Daily News articles ran on Feb. 2 (Precinct Probed For Fudging Stats), Feb. 3 (Fudged Crime States Report Deserves Hearing, Sez Pol), Feb. 12 (Police Under The Gun In Crime-Stat Shenanigans), and Mar. 29 (Crime Spike For Probed B’klyn Pct).
The tapes reveal that the NYPD street cops responsible for carrying out aggressive order maintenance policing experience “enormous pressure in a strange catch-22: He or she is expected to maintain high ‘activity’—including stop-and-frisks—but, paradoxically, to record fewer actual crimes.”
Aggressive order-maintenance policing was pioneered in New York City, with an emphasis on “quality of life” policing and zero tolerance policies, and grew out of James Q. Wilson & George L. Kelling’s Broken Windows theory – the proposition that “nipping the smaller problems of disorder is the first step against major crime” – seized upon by the Giuliani campaign. Descending to low comedy, Kelling was brought on to study aggressive, “fear generating” squeegee men in NYC, videotaping and cataloguing them with a $20,000 grant. Appealing to common sense, Giuliani said “he ‘knew of situations in which people have turned down jobs in restaurants because they felt they had more flexibility’ with their squeegees.” But he “expect[ed] ‘more of people.'” After cracking down on the squeegee men, they moved onto to deal with public urination and alcohol consumption, aggressive panhandling, obstructing sidewalks, open-air drug deals, as well as truancy. (See, James Q. Wilson & George L. Kelling, Broken Windows, The Atlantic Monthly, Mar. 1982, at 29; Francis X. Clines, Candidates Attack the Squeegee Men, N.Y. Times, Sept. 26, 1993, at 39; Steven Lee Myers, ‘Squeegees’ Rank High on Next Police Commissioner’s Priority List, N.Y. Times, Dec. 4, 1993, at 23; Alison Mitchell, An Apron for a Squeegee, N.Y. Times, Feb. 16, 1994, at B3).
A slide show of Ray Mortenson’s rarely exhibited black-and-white photographs of the South Bronx, made between 1982 and 1984, featured in a 2008 exhibition at the Museum of the City of New York called “Broken Glass.”